The Evolution of Democratization Policy in the Neoconservative Thinking in the Post-Communist World: Factors of Change

Soumia Bouguerra

Résumé


Neoconservatives had always been passionate defenders of American liberal democracy, but their relation to the principle has changed through phases. Basically, Neoconservatives’ changing positions to the principle has moved from just an attachment to a belief to the degree that they had called to its forcible spreading abroad. In the immediate post-communist era their relationship to democracy embodied in the positions they held to ensure the principle efficacy without a serious need to its spreading. A decade later, neoconservatives held that forcible democracy fostering became central to the American foreign policy agenda. To understand the dramatic change in the evolution of democratization policy in the neoconservative thinking, this article argues for three main factors: the unsurpassed position the United States gained following the collapse of bipolarity has helped the emergence of more radical neoconservatives rather than prudent elders, the impact of democracy promotion discourses including Francis Fukuyama’s ‘End of History’ thesis and the democratic peace theory.


Mots-clés


Evolution ; Democratization Policy ; Neoconservative Thinking ; Post-Communist ; World ; Factors ; Change

Texte intégral :

PDF (English)

Références


Kirkpatrick, J. (1979). Dictatorships double standards. Commentary (Pre-1986), 68, 34. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/199566537?accountid=10612

Kirkpatrick, J. (1991). A Normal Country in a Normal Time. In O. Harries (Ed.), America's Purpose: New Visions of U.S. Foreign Policy (pp.161-163). San Francisco, CA: ICS.

Kristol, I. (1991). Defining Our National Interest. In O. Harries (Ed.), America's Purpose: New Visions of U.S. Foreign Policy (pp. 63). San Francisco, CA: ICS.

Glazer, N. (1991). A Time for Modesty. In O. Harries (Ed.), America's Purpose: New Visions of U.S. Foreign Policy (pp. 131-141). San Francisco, CA: ICS.

Gershman, C. (1991). Freedom Remains the Touchstone. In O. Harries (Ed.), America's Purpose: New Visions of U.S. Foreign Policy (pp. 40). San Francisco, CA: ICS.

Joshua, M. (1984, Jun 18). ENDOWING DEMOCRACY. New York Times. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/425102868?accountid=10612.

Muravchik, J. (1991). Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America’s Destiny (pp. xii). Washington, D.C.: The AEI Press.

Krauthammer, C. C. (1991). THE UNIPOLAR MOMENT. Foreign Affairs, 70(1), 23-33. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/20044692.pdf?acceptTC=true

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2005, May 18). Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism versus Neo-conservatism. Open Democracy. Retrieved from http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-americanpower/morgenthau_2522.jsp.

Fukuyama, F. (2006). America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy (pp. 55). New Haven: Yale University Press.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man (pp. xii). New York: The Free Press.

Ibid., p. 220.

Fukuyama, F. (1989). The End of History?. The National Interest. Retrieved from http://ps321.community.uaf.edu/

Fukuyama, F. (2006). America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy (pp. 276-277). New Haven: Yale University Press.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man (pp.252-262). New York: The Free Press.

Doyle, M. W. (1983). Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs, Part 2. Philosophy & Public Affairs, (4), 323. doi:10.2307/2265377.

Russett, B. (1993). Why Democratic Peace?. In R. Bruce (Ed.), Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post-Cold War World (pp.38). New Jersey. Princeton University Press.

Owen, J. M. (1994). How liberalism produces democratic peace. International Security, 19(2), 87. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/2539197.pdf

Diamond, L. (1994). The global imperative: Building a democratic world order. Current History, 93(579), 1-7. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/200755776?accountid=10612

Hermann, M. G., & Kegley, W. (2001). Democracies and Intervention: Is There a Danger Zone in the Democratic Peace?. Journal Of Peace Research, (2), 237. doi:10.2307/425497.

N. S. (2001, Oct 10). What are we fighting for? --- spread freedom in the mideast. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/398828450?accountid=10612

Kristol, W. (2005, January 24). Honoring democracy. The Weekly Standard Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.weeklystandard.com


Renvois

  • Il n'y a présentement aucun renvoi.




Direction des Publications et de l'animation scientifique

Université des Frères Mentouri Constantine 1. Route Ain El-Bey. 25000. Algérie.